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We are shocked to learn that three academic publishers — Elsevier, Wiley, and the American Chemical Society (ACS) — have filed a suit in the Delhi High Court on December 21, 2020, seeking a ban on the websites Sci-Hub and LibGen which have made academic research-related information freely available to all. Academic research cannot flourish without the free flow of information between those who produce it and those who seek it, and we strongly oppose the contention of the lawsuit.

International publishers like Elsevier have created a business model where they treat knowledge created by academic research funded by taxpayers’ money as their private property. Those who produce this knowledge — the authors and reviewers of research papers — are not paid and yet these publishers make windfall profit of billions of dollars by selling subscriptions to libraries worldwide at exorbitantly inflated rates which most institutional libraries in India, and even developed countries, cannot afford. Without a subscription, a researcher has to pay between $30 and $50 to download each paper, which most individual Indian researchers cannot afford. Instead of facilitating the flow of research information, these companies are throttling it.

Alexandra Elbakyan of Kazakhstan has taken an effective and widely welcomed step by making research papers, book chapters and similar research-related information freely available through her website Sci-Hub. Libgen (Library Genesis) renders a similar service. We support their initiative which, we contend, does not violate any norm of ethics or intellectual property rights as the research papers are actually intellectual products of the authors and the institutions.

We strongly oppose any form of commoditization of research information that is a hindrance to the development of science and the humanities. In the interest of the advancement of knowledge, Sci-Hub and Libgen should be allowed to operate in India

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The National Science Day is celebrated in our country on February 28 in honor the discovery of the Raman Effect on 28 Feb, 1928. Modern science developed in India in the course of the renaissance movement initiated by the stalwarts like Raja Ram Mohan Roy and Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar in the nineteenth century. The renaissance movement produced a host of luminaries in all fields and science was no exception. Front ranking scientists like J C Bose, Acharya P C Ray, C V Raman, Ramanujam, S N Bose, Meghnad Saha and many more emerged. The renaissance also had its impact  on women  in bringing them to the  forefront of social movement and pursuit of science. Following the footsteps of illustrious women like Madam Curie, Rosalind Franklin, Emmy Noether and others, a good number of women from India also made their mark in the field of science.  Janaki Ammal, Kamala Sohonie, Kamal Ranadive, Asima Chatterjee were a few names among those front ranking women scientists. The National Science Day this year is dedicated to the struggle of the women scientists in the country.

Breakthrough Science Society observes the day with the objective of taking the life struggles and contributions of the great men and women in science to the people at large to foster a scientific bent of mind and to cultivate scientific temper in the society.

Andhra Pradesh and Telengana

Breakthrough Science Society Telangana state chapter organised various programs  as  part of observance of the  National Science Day.

At  Stanley  College  of Engineering and Technology, Hyderabad, a  seminar was held on “THE ROLE OF WOMEN IN SCIENCE”. Dr Rukmini , HOD Department of Astronomy, Osmania University, was the main speaker. Citing the  illustrious example of  Madam Curie and her life struggle she urged upon the  students to emulate  it. She also expressed the  need for developing  scientific temperament in the society.  The  principal of the college  and Mr R Gangadhar, BSS state convenor, also spoke on the occasion.

On Feb 28,  a seminar was organised at Hindi Mahavidyalaya Degree College. Ch.Murahari, Advisor BSS state chapter and Mr Hemasekar,  Assistant Professor, Methodist college were the speakers. They spoke on the role of science in the development of the society. They also expressed their concern about the science education becoming career centric in the present  day education.

A Discussion was held at Hotline High School, Hyderabad.  Mr D Gangaji, President of BSS Hyderabad district and Mr Srujan, BSS  State Executive Committee member explained the importance of developing scientific bent of mind.

On the occasion of the National Science Day, discussions and membership drive were organised in St Pious Degree and PG College. A  total of 270 students  and 23 faculty members became members of BSS.

Discussions were held in two BC Welfare hostels in Sangareddy district.  Mr Usha Kiran,  BSS State Executive Committee member addressed the students.


On Feb 28, National Science Day was celebrated at Donikona High School, Jorhat. Dr Dilip Kr. Dutta, Retd. Scientist, RRL was the main speaker. Others who spoke were Dr Dipti Kakoti (Prince of Wales College) and Dr Gobind Bora (Assam Agricultural University).

A science model exhibition was also conducted in the school.


On 28 February, BSS Tripura  chapter organised  a discussion program at Tripura University. The topics taken up were  ‘Science and Scientific thinking in daily life’, ‘Darwin’s Evolution Theory’ and ‘Types of Topological Spaces with Notions of Sets’.  Dr Priyasankar Chaudhuri from the Dept of Zoology, Dr Binod Chandra Tripathy from the Dept of Mathematics and Dr Anirban Guha from the Dept of Physics took part in the discussions. The program began by observing one minute silence in memory of science martyrs. Mr Raju Acharjee, Secretary, BSS Tripura Chapter gave an introductory talk. Dr. Sarmistha Bhattacharjee, HOD, Dept of Mathematics, faculty members and students of various departments participated in the discussions.

The program ended with taking the pledge: “On the National Science Day, I take pledge to be guided by scientific outlook and social responsibility. I shall try to inspire others around me, relatives and friends to be free of unscientific beliefs and superstitions. I shall oppose pseudoscience, false claims and religious bigotry in all possible ways. I shall always uphold the banner of struggle to spread scientific temper and outlook based on truth”.

The pledge taking programs to motivate students to cultivate scientific temper were also organised in Bardowali HS School, Amtali H.S. School and Badharghat HS School.


National Science Day was observed with great enthusiasm in several parts of Jharkhand. On 28 February, a discussion on “The role of women in the development of science” was organized by the Einstein Club at Ghatshila.  Mr Chandan Kundu, the secretary of the club was the main speaker.

Similar programs were organised in Dhalbhumgarh High School &  Bhangabandhi High School, Ghatshila, where Mr Sushil Giri  and  Mr Satyaranjan addressed. 

Science Day program at Ghatshila

A Seminar on ” Women in Science” was organized at Tata College Chaibasa . Mr Kanay Barik was the main speaker.

On 1st  March, a science conference was organized by the BSS Jamshedpur chapter. Dr. Amitab Bose and Mr Prasant were the main speakers.

At Bokaro and Chandil, a discussion was organized in a coaching center. Speakers were Mr Vijay Kumar and Mr Anant Kumar.


As a part of celebration of National Science Day, Universe Science Forum (USF)  organised various competitions such as Essay writing, Poster making & Science Quiz on 1st March 2020 for school students of 6th to 12th standard. About 120 students from 12 different schools of Ahmedabad city participated in the program. A photo exhibition on ‘Raman Effect and the life of Sir C. V. Raman was also arranged by USF. After the completion of the competitions, brief talks and a few demonstrations were conducted.

Shri Deepak Joshi (Retd. I A S) spoke on ‘The contributions of women in science’. He talked about the life struggles and works of great women personalities like Katherine Johnson, Rosalind Franklin, Dr. Anandibai Joshi, etc. Pointing towards the girl students he encouraged them to take inspiration from these women scientists and to aspire for a research career.

Prof. Mitul Makwana of L. D. Engineering College, Ahmedabad  spoke on ‘Importance of Basic Science’. He explained various basic principles of science such as Bernoulli’s principle,  working principle of air conditioner & refrigerator, etc. through simple demonstrations.

Shri Nishchay Singh, a computer engineer, a science populariser & a U.S.F. member, gave a number of demonstrations explaining ‘The Science Behind Colours’ including the role of cone cells in human eye etc.

The chief guest, Prof. N. N. Rogheliya, a popular mathematician, former HoD, Dept. of Mathematics, M. G. Science Institute, Ahmedabad, explained through demonstrations & math games how mathematics play an important role in our daily activities. The audience and students listened to his talk with great interest.

The audience included school students, teachers and parents. At the end of the program, prizes & certificates were distributed.

A view of the audience above and a view of the  experiment demonstration below


BSS Kerala chapter organised extensive programs in almost all the districts in the state to observe the National Science Day. Reports from different districts follow.


Feb 21: As part of National Science Day lecture series, Dr Luis Sanchez Munoz, National Museum of Natural Sciences, Madrid, Spain presented a lecture titled “Meteorites: rocks and minerals from outer space” at Priyadarsini planatarium.

Feb 28: Dr Sasikumar, former scientist CESS, Trivandrum gave a talk on “Scientific temper” at eswara Chandra Samskarika Kendram, Thiruvananthapuram.

Feb 28: Dr Sarita Vig, Dept of Earth Sciences, IIST, Trivandrum gave a talk on “Role of women in understanding the fundamental properties of stars” at the Science day program jointly organised by the Dept of Geology, Kerala University and BSS.


Feb 21: A ppt presentation depicting the contributions and life struggles of great scientists in the world and particularly the women scientists from India and abroad was  made at the MT Seminary school Kottayam. Bhadra Gopi and P G Sasikumar conducted the program.

Feb 27: A seminar and a session of ‘Learning science through experiments’ was organised  at MYMA English Medium School, Kanjirappally. K  K Raveendran, P G Sasikumar, Vidya R Sekhar, Amalraj  and Raju Vattappara, conducted the discussions and demonstrations.

Feb 26:  BSS and the Dept. of Physics, KE College Mannanam organised a discussion on the importance of the science day and the contributions and life struggles of scientists, particularly the women scientists from India at Govt, HSS, Arppookara.

Feb27: A discussion on the contributions and life struggles of scientists, particularly the women scientists from India was held at Govt. HSS, Kudamaloor. Dr Jaiby, Dept of Physics, KE College, Mannanam, P N Thankachan and  four PG students of K E College  conducted the program.

Feb 28: A sky watch program was organized at CMS LP School,  Kadamury. Binoy P Johny ,P G Sasikumar, K K Raveendran conducted the program.

Feb 28:  A science exhibition was organized at NSS College, Vazhoor.  P G Sasikumar, T V Saji and  Binoy P Johny demonstrated various experiments.

Feb.28: National  Science  Day observed at Devivilasam School  Parambuzha, near Kottayam.  A team from BSS including Ananthakrishnan, Bhadra Gopi, Parvathy, and Yadukrishnan conducted  the program.

Feb.28: National  Science  Day observation program was  organized  by ‘Samgramam’  the cultural wing of Kerala  Gazatted Officers Association at RIT Pampady. Dr R Sasikumar, Director  CAPE, inaugurated  the program. Prof P. N. Thankachan, Secretary, BSS, Kerala was the main speaker. This was followed by a sky watch program.

Feb 28: A quiz competition was organised by JCI Kottayam  South and Galileo Science Centre at MT Seminary  School  Kottayam. Prof P N Thankachan  and Bhadra Gopi conducted the program.  Dennis Samuel, President JCI Kottayam South, Head Master Jacob Abraham, P S Sreshkumar, Yadukrishnan and Bharath Nair spoke on the occasion.


FEB 28:National Science Day was observed with a Sky watch program at Millupadi Aluva. Galileo Science Club organized the program. K S Harikumar, P P Sajeevkumar. A G Lasitha, Saketh M, S Arya Anand and Jithin Krishna  conducted the program.

February 29: Sky watch at and astronomy class was organised at Kuthiathodu Lourdes Fathima Church. Fr Pious inaugurated the program. Prof. Francis Kalathungal, P P Abraham and P C Thankachan conducted the class and sky watch program.

March 3: A talk on ‘Women in Science ‘ was organised in Al Ameen College,  Aluva. Mr K S Harikumar, BSS State executive committee member addressed the students.

March 5: An astronomy class and sky watch program was organised in  Cochin college. Francis K, Harikumar K S, Sajeev kumar P P and Thankachan P C conducted the class and sky watch program.


February 25: National Science Day  was observed in Kerala Varma College, Trissur. Dr Babu P S, President, BSS Kerala spoke on the development of science in India, particularly during the renaissance movement and on the contributions of women scientists from India. Dr Sheenaja, HoD, Zoology, also addressed the students. 


Feb28: A discussion and sky watch program was organized by Punthala Yuvajana Vedi  Amplappuzha. Dr Hariprasad , Mr K  Sivankutty, Mr  M Muralidharan and G Balraj conducted the discussion and sky watch.


February 28: National Science Day was celebrated jointly by BSS and the Regional Science Centre and Planetarium, Kozhikode. Dr Reshmi L , IIST, Trivandrum delivered a talk “The unknown universe: Fast radio bursts”.

Mr. Manas Bagchi , Director, Regional Science Centre and Planetarium (RSCP) delivering inaugural address.
Dr Reshmi L, faculty member, IIST, Trivandrum delivering National Science Day Lecture

Feb 28: National Science Day was celebrated at Providence Women’s College, Kozhikode. The program was jointly organised by the Dept of Physics and Breakthrough Science Society. Dr Reshmi L, faculty member, IIST, Trivandrum presented a lecture titled “Pride and prejudice: the evolving story of women scientists”.


Breakthrough Science Society , Karnataka chapter organized several programs in different districts to observe the National Science Day 2020.

In SJR College for Women Rajajinagar, Bengaluru, a panel discussion was organized with panelists. Dr Sarbari Bhattacharya ( Asst Professor, Dept of Physics, Bangalore University spoke on the need of scientific bent of mind and stories of Women Scientists Maharani Chakravarthi &  Smruthi Rao. She emphasized the need that women be part of like minded supportive groups.  Dr Jyotsana Dixit ( Science writer, Post Doc , Indian Institute of Science) spoke on how one can apply scientific method in daily lives with examples and left a remarkable note on the life of Madame Curie. Ms Rajani K S (State Secretary, BSS, Karnataka) paid tribute to the life of Sir C V Raman, on whose contribution the day is observed along  with excerpts from the life of J C Bose and P C Ray who are considered pioneers in Indian Science. She spoke about how women today are not encouraged to pursue higher education given the social mindset that prevails in the society. She inspired the 250 girl students who attended the program to become part of a larger group to air their ideas, question, seek answers and become champions of positive change in the society .

In Mangalore Institute of Management Science, Kengeri, a talk on “Social media and the menace of Fake news” was organised on 28 Feb. Mr Satish Kumar ( President , Breakthrough Science Society, Karnataka) was the main speaker. The talk was followed by an interactive session with the students.

Breakthrough Science Society (BSS) Davangere, organized a program on Women in Science . Dr Hema (Member, Medical Service Center) and Mr Manjunath (District Convener, BSS Davangere) addressed the gathering of 100 students at DRM PU Science College.

Breakthrough Science Society (BSS) Gulbarga, organized at program at SBR school on Robotics and Science . Ms Rashmi (BSS, State executive committee member) &  Mr Narayan Inaamdaar (Retired Scientist, ISRO) addressed. Around 300 students participated in the program.

Breakthrough Science Society, Mysore chapter organised a talk on ‘Women in Science and today’s opportunities’ at JSS School. The HM of the school addressed the students.

Breakthrough Science Society, Dharwad chapter organized a Miracle Busting program at KE Board School . Ms Deepa (BSS District convenor) demonstrated various miracles and explained the science behind the same to about 300 students . A meeting of Senior Citizens was also held where Ms Rashmi spoke on the significance of the National Science day.


An inter-collegiate students meet was organised in Madurai on the occasion of  the National Science Day in association with the Dept of Physics, Mannar Thirumalai Naiker College. Ms Selvi, convener, BSS Madurai welcomed the gathering. Dr. Krishna Kumar, Thiagarajar college, spoke on ‘Women in Science’. Dr.Latha, Madura College, presented a motivational talk. Students from 9 colleges participated in the program. A skit on Bruno was performed by the participants.

In Coimbatore, a public program was organised in a free tuition centre near the Town hall. Mr Vignesh, the local organiser of BSS gave an introduction about the National Science Day. Mr Sivakumar M, spoke about the necessity of cultivating scientific outlook in day to day life. Mr Sabari, a student of PSG College,  made a presentation on science model making. A movie clip on Sunita Williams was also shown.

National Science Day was observed at Govt High School, Mambalam, Chennai. The program was inaugurated by the HM, Dr Seethalaxmi. Mr Ilango Subramanian, a science communicator explained the Raman effect and the life of C V Raman. Dr S H Thilagar, Vice President, BSS Tamilnadu spoke about the life of a few illustrious women scientists from India and abroad. Mr Sivakumar gave the vote of thanks.

West Bengal

In West Bengal, the Science Day was observed extensively by organising various programs in schools, colleges and public places in different districts of the state. The programs were organised by the BSS chapters as well as by a number of science clubs affiliated to BSS. Reports from various districts follow.

Kolkata: The day was observed in Jadavpur University, Calcutta University (Rajabazar Science College), Jogamaya Devi college and Charuchandra college. Observations were also held in Hindu School, Aryakanya  Mohavidyalaya and Victoria high  school under the initiative of  “Young scientist forum” affiliated to BSS and in two main spots of Kolkata – College street and Hazra More.

National Science Day March at Rajabazar Science College (Calcutta University)
Prof Amitava Datta (President of BSS WB) speaking at the end of the march

East Medinipur: The day was observed in Panskura Banamali college, Panskura High School,Tamralipta, Mahavidyalaya, Jukhiya K N Banimandir, Mugberia Gangadhar college, Haldia Dalimbachak Technical High School, Punarbasan High School, Egra college, Bajkul college, Panskura Science Centre, P C Roy science society and Ramnagar science society.

In Panskura Banamali college, quotation and poster exhibition, book stall and  badge wearing were organised.

In Panskura Girls High School, anti-superstition program  and slide show were organised by the members of Panskura Science Centre.  Rivu Maji and Chandan Das Adhikary are seen conducting the demonstrations.

National science day observed in Madhuri Kalyanika Vidyabhaban, Tamluk

National Science Day  observed by BSS, Mugberia Chapter at Jukhiya K N Banimondir. Science Model Exhibition was inaugurated by the Head Master Mr Kishor Kumar Das.

In Haldia Dalimbachak Technical High School, Poranchak High School and Punarbasan High School, badge wearing programs were organised.

Jalpaiguri: National Science Day was observed in Central Girls High School, Fanindradeb Vidyalaya, Ananda Chandra college under the initiative of ‘Light of Science’ affiliated to BSS. A seminar was organized in Netaji Subhash foundation hall on the topic ‘Evolution of scientific thought in the present context’. Dr Apurbalal Senapati  was the speaker.

Darjeeling:  The day was observed by Marie Curie science club. A seminar was organised in North Bengal University on the topic ‘Corona virus’ and ‘History of Science in India’

South 24 ParganasScience day programs were organised in Dimond harbour High School, Kakdip Sundarban Adarsha Vidyalaya, Dharapara High School, Ghoradol  High School and Krishna Nagar High School. A discussion was held in Radhakantapur in the presence  of Shri  Kingsuk  Halder of BSS.

 Paschim Bardhaman : The day was observed in Hirapur Manikchand Higher Secondary School, Eastern Rail High School and Assansole Girl’s college under the initiative of S N Bose science club.

Purulia: National Science Day was observed in 27 schools.  Also observational programs were held in Sidho Kanho Birsha University and Raghunathpur college.

Annular Solar Eclipse – December 26, 2019

The Annular solar eclipse on 26 December 2019 offered a spectacular sight to people, particularly in those areas in Kerala and Tamil Nadu falling under the totality of the eclipse. The Breakthrough Science Society had made elaborate preparations more than a month in advance to make people aware about this celestial spectacle and help people to view the eclipse safely. Workshops explaining the science behind the eclipse, the ways to view the eclipse safely, to make simple devises like ball and mirror projector, pin hole camera etc  were conducted extensively in schools, colleges and localities in several states. These awareness programs evoked a lot of enthusiasm among the students and the general public. The eclipse provided a great opportunity to take science to the common people in a big way. A booklet in English ‘Observe Annular Solar Eclipse – A Celestial Spectacle’ was published on the occasion. The All India Committee of Breakthrough Science Society made arrangements to assemble safe sun filters using imported black polymer and distributed nearly one lakh filters all over the country. A brief summary of programs held in different states follow.


The path of annularity of the eclipse passed through mainly Kerala and Tamilnadu. The weather was bright in most parts of Kerala and people witnessing the sight of the eclipsed sun with a ring of fire around it reportedly exclaimed that it was spectacular. The Kerala chapter of BSS made elaborate preparations a month in advance organizing workshops and awareness programs all over the state. A science bulletin in Malayalam was also published and widely circulated.The BSS chapter of Kerala distributed approximately 32000 sun filters. In association with  leading     science  popularisation  agencies  like Kerala state Science  and Technology  Museum, Thiruvananthapuram(KSSTM) and Regional Science Centre and   Planetarium, Kozhikode, BSS could  organize grass  root level  observation  programs. Compared to previous eclipses, the public turnout was large which points to weakened influence  ofsuperstitious  beliefs.  Hundreds of new volunteers came forward  to take  up the cause  of the science  movement. Brief reports from different districts follow.
Thiruvananthapuram : Two workshops were organized in the Planetarium, Thiruvananthapuram for the volunteers. Many school/college  students  attended  the workshops  and came  forward  to take classes  in other institutions. 37 classes and 3 more workshops were conducted. Manyobservation booths were set up including the observation centre in Central Stadium where more  than 5000 people  assembled.
Kollam: In association with the Kollam  Collectorate, a big  observation  event  was organized at  Kollam  beach . Prior to that, 7 workshops and 18 classes were conducted. Totally 7 observation  centres  were set up on the eclipse  day.
Pathanamthitta: Thousands of people observed the eclipse  through the sun filters  distributed in the district. 12 observation centreswere organised  on 26 December. One workshop and  5 classes in institutions  were conducted prior to the eclipse. 
Idukky: Classes were conducted in MES college  Nedunkandam, Newman  college Thodupuzha,  Al Asar college  Thodupuzha  and St. Mary’s higher secondary school, Murikkasseri. One  workshop  for volunteers was organized and the student volunteers from Newman  college  conducted  classes in 3 institutions. 5 observation centreswere organised. 
Kottayam : Throughout out the district, eclipse  observation  programs  were taken up. 73 observation centreswere organized. In Devamatha  college  Kuravilangad, along  with KSSTM, and the Physics department  of the college, BSS  organized  eclipse  observation  event in which  more than 2500 people  participated. In Galileo  Science  Centre, Kottayam, observation  with telescope was arranged. 8 workshops and 54 classes  wereconducted. The students of BCM college took 4 classes.
Alleppey: On Dec 26, observation centre was set up at Netaji CentreMuttom in Alappuzha Dist. The BSS district chapter conducted 33 awareness programmes in educational institutions and 16 programmes in libraries, residential areas clubs etc. 1400 sun filters and 396 bulletins were sold.
Ernakulam: More than 30 awareness classes were conducted in schools, colleges and residential areas in which more than 3000 people participated. On Dec 26, public viewing program was organized at Durbar hall ground in Ernakulam with telescope arrangements where more than 1500 people viewed the eclipse. Observation centres were set up at Tripunithura and Koothattukulamtownsalso.More than 2000 sun filters and a few hundred books were sold.
Trissur: Two workshops and 15 awareness classes were conducted. 2500 sun filters and 300 books were sold. On Dec 26, public viewing programs were organized in 4 places. BSS also joined hands with the Kerala State Science and Technology Museum to set up the eclipse viewing centreat Chalakudy.
Palaghat: The work in the district started with a workshop in Government Sanskrit College Pattamby, organized in association with the Regional Science Centre Kozhikode. 15 classes and 5 observation centres were organized.
Malappuram: On the eclipse  day, hundreds of people assembled  in Malappuram  town to view the annular eclipse. Three classes were conducted in institutions. 
Wayanad: Public booths were set up in different towns through which thousands  of sun filters were distributed. 1 workshop, 4 classes and 6  observation  centres were organised. Some of the school students who participated in the workshop conducted the awareness classes and managed the public booths.
Kozhikode: The Kerala State Science and technology Museum (KSSTM)  in association with BSS organized the biggest eclipse observation centre in Kerala where the assembly  was more than ten thousand. In  Association with the Regional Science Centre and   Planetarium  Kozhikode, two workshops with participation of more than 100 and 13 awareness classes were organized prior to the eclipse. Thousands of filters were distributed.
Kannur: Thousands of people observed the eclipse through the sun filters distributed by BSS volunteers. More than 500 people assembled  at the Police  Maidan  on the 26th December to view the eclipse. One workshop and 5 classes  were organized. On the 24th and 25th of  December  sun filter  distribution  booths were set up in Kannur  town.
Kasargod: One workshop was conducted at Government  college  Kasargod  and sun filters  were distributed


A major portion of the path of annularity of the eclipse passed through the central part of Tamilnadu. Wide spread awareness programs in the form of workshops, demonstrations and lectures were organised by the BSS volunteers. About 60 awareness programs were held in the state covering Chennai, Perungalathur, Madurai, Theni, Andipatti, Batlagundu, Coimbatore, Ooty, Mayiladuthurai, Thiruchengodu, Thirupur, Erode, Karur, Sivakasi, Pattukkottai and Perambalore. The BSS Tamilnadu chapter published a booklet on eclipse in Tamil. 4000 Tamil books, 1000 English books published by BSS, All India Committee and 5000 sun filters were distributed through schools and colleges in the state. BSS participated in the joint initiative of VigyanPrachar outreach programsalong with  Institute of Mathematical Sciences (IMSc), Astronomical Society of India (ASI), Tamilnadu Science Forum (TNSF) and other science clubs and organisations in the state. Public viewing was organised on the day of Eclipse in residential complexes, beach, school / college grounds and market areas. The sun filters and books were distributed widely and in several places people themselves arranged public viewing in their localities. Good coverage was found in the major print media about the awareness program as well as the public viewing on the day of the eclipse. Volunteers also participated in live TV discussions and debates during the eclipse on the 26th morning.

Anadhra and Telangana

BSS Hyderabad chapter organised Solar Eclipse viewing program on Dec 26 at Necklace road People’s plaza. Dr.K.BabuRao (Retd.Chief Scientist IICT) and Mr.R.Gangadhara (Convener BSS Telangana chapter) spoke on various aspects of eclipse to the people who gathered. Hundreds of students and general public participated in the viewing program.


The Annular Solar Eclipse event In Karnataka was witnessed across 10 districts. The event was widely campaigned across state with pre-cursors such as seminars and workshops. A video was also prepared to understand the eclipse phenomena in Kannada which was uploaded on social media to spread awareness. On 26th December, public viewing programs were organized at:  Bangalore( RPA Grounds Rajajinagar, Navrang Ground Rajajinagar,HMTgrounds RT Nagar,LaggereRakshasiHalla, Florence Grounds Basaveshwaranagar, Ganesha grounds Kengeri);  Gulbarga ( SBR school grounds,ProudhaDevaraya PU college premises,Public garden); Dharwad  (SS college); Davangere (HighSchool Grounds; Chitradurga ( Chitradurga science college,Vishwamanava residential school,RockfortHigh School,KabeeranandaAshrama school); Raichur ( 10 places); Bijapur; Mysore &Kollegala. The event was well received across the state.
As a follow up to the eclipse observation programs, a Science Fest was organized at Seshadripuram College Kengeri in association with the college on Jan 7, 2020. Prof Jayant Murthy (Senior Professor, Indian Institute of Astrophysics) inaugurated the festival.Mr G Sathish Kumar (President , BSS Karnataka) also spoke. The fest hosted science models exhibits from various schools, followed by a seminar on Space and astronomy by Prof Jayant Murthy.


The Universe Science Forum (USF) affiliated to Breakthrough Science Society organized seminars and awareness talks in Vidhyanagar High School, Republic High School and ShalinVidyalay in Ahmedabad. The USF volunteers also stuck posters at public places, libraries, colleges, schools, etc. and made awareness campaign through e-media & ‘VigyanChetna’ Gujarati e-magazine.
On the day of the eclipse the ‘Astronomy Club’ of Physics Dept. and Electronics Dept. of St. Xavier’s College, Navrangpura, Ahmedabad in association with USF organized a viewing program on the college terrace using three telescopes and sun filters. The Vadodara chapter of USF organized viewing program using telescope at Jay Ambe School. Around 1000 students and teachers joined the observation. USF members organized eclipse viewing public gatherings at various places in Ahmedabad cityand distributed sun-filters & booklet on solar eclipse, published by BSS. People, enthusiastically, observed the eclipse. Viewing programs were organized at 17 places in various districts of Gujarat state :Bhaipura, Dhiraj Housing, NarodaGIDC,Usmanpura Garden, Mithakhali, Gujarat Vidyapith Campus, Hari Om high School, Nutan School, St. Xavier’s college, Vidyanagar School, Republic High School and ShalinVidyalay (Ahmedabad); Jay Ambe School, Tarsali (Vadodara); Sanskar School (Palanpur); Mehsana city; S.S. Agrawal College (Navsari). 1200 sun filters and about 600 booklets on Annular Solar Eclipse published by Breakthrough Science Society were sold.


Wide spread awareness programs were conducted throughout the state. On the day of the eclipse viewing was organized in a number of places:
Hazaribag–SaraswatiVidyamandir, Ideal Children School, Pasai, Bakaspura, Gandhi Maidan, Matwari, OkaniandMasratu; Jamshedpur – Aambaganmaidan, Badshamaidan, Mango, Baridihbasti and Baliguma; Aditpur – Football maidan; Chaibasa–ChotaNimdih,  Jagannathpur,Kamarhatu,ShishuMandir Ground and Jhinkpani; Chandil – Omega Coaching center; Bokaro – Chandrapura football ground, Kalapathar; Ranchi – Ranchi town; Gadwa – Nagar Uttari and Vishnupura; Godda – Godda town; Ghatshila – Ghatsila, Kashida, Laldih, Dahigora , Gopalpur, Panchpandav, Netajipalli, Fldungri,Kadamdih, Chandabila, Kogda (Asonboni), Haldaju (Dhalbhumghar), Colpara, Jamua, Galudih, Kitadih, Premnagar, Deoshol, Kharbanda, Dakhshinashole, Dhandoa, Purnapani, Tilamura, Karaduba, Kalapather, Mahlisole, Jagannathpur, Chandanpur, Kamarigora (Chakulia), Kendua, Bankati,Kendadih, Bandhdih, Bhalki, Pungora, Dhadkidi (Galudih), Biram, Amdangra, jhaprishol, Mosabani, barajuri, nutandih, Sundardih, Sorodabar, Ragdih, Bakra, Charchaka, Dewli, Study center, Bhalupatra, Pathargora, Hendaljuri, Saheed mess, Nababkoti, Rekhamammess,Tamokpal, Mahulia , Hathibari,Kandrapara, Latia, Galudih (4 places), Manusmuria, Belboria, Jamua, Chakri, Dongra, Banmakri, Pungora( Niche tola) and New colony Mosabani.


Awareness programs were held in several places. On Dec 26, eclipse observation centres were set up at 9 places including Bilaspur, Durg and Raipur towns.

Madhya Pradesh

Solar eclipse programs were organised in five districts of Madhya Pradesh –
Gwalior ,Guna , Ashoknagar, Bhopal, and Indore. Awareness workshops were  organised in 4 places in Guna, 3 in Gwalior and 3 in Ashoknagar. On the 26th Dec, eclipse viewing programs were organized in 6 places in Guna , 2 in Gwalior ,4 in Ashoknagar,1 in Bhopal and 1 in Indore.


Widespread awareness programs were conducted all over the state. On the day of the eclipse, several observation camps were organised in almost all the districts of West Bengal. Along with the sun filters, in many of the camps telescopes were arranged. Exhibitions were held in several places and along with that discussions were held on the scientific aspects of eclipse. People were also given food during the eclipse. The list of observation camps in different districts were as follows:Kolkata – Deshbandhu Park, College Square, Jatin Das Park Metro Station (Hazra More), Jadavpur 8B, Bamsdroni, Sonali Park, NimtaAlipur Ground, Kestopur More, Oxford Mission Ground (Sakherbazar),  KFR Ground (Behala); East Midnapore –  Tamluk, Panskura, Haldia, Mahisadal, Contai, Egra, Bajkul, Mughberia, Nimtouri, Thekua, Nandigram; West Midnapore – Nekurseni, Menakapur, Jenkapur, Paikbarh, Khalina, Daudpur, GarhHaripur, Keshiyari, Kukai, Belda bus stand, chawkmukunda, Talbagicha, Malancha, ShriKrishnapur, Baradiha, Kharagpur College Ground, Pingla, Balichawk, Temathani, Basantapur, Deuli, Narayanbar, Khepal, Mohadh, Amlasuli, Keshpur, Chandrakona Town, Habibpur, Medinipur Church Ground., Jhargram – Gopiballavpur, Malancha, Gopiballavpur -II, Jhargram Town;  Purhlia – Raghunathpur, Gorada High School, Bandwan, Purulia Town, Baram High School, Kenda; Birbhum –  Bolpur, Siuri; Hooghly –  Boinchi, Shimlagarh, Rajbalhat, Tarakeshwar, Nalikul, Chandannagar, Somrabazar, Guptipara, Behula, Dumurdaha, Khamargachi, Jirat, Khamarpara (near Khannan)
Howrah -Howrah South (state general hospital ground), Andul, Shyampur.
North 24 parganas – Kanchrapara, Habra, Gaighata, Basirhat, Duttapukur, Barasat, Swarupnagar, Badar, Nabazeeban, Aamdanga; North Dinajpur – Raygongue Town Club ground; South Dinajpur–Hili; Malda -: Malda Town (College ground), Bhootni More, Alampur, Harishchandrapur; West Burdwan – Durgapur, Asansol (Polo ground cricket stadium),  Bishnu Bihar Community Hall; East Burdwan:- Kalna Raj School
Jalpaiguri – Jalpaiguri town, Dhupguri; Darjeeling – Siliguri College, North Bengal University (Shaktigarh); Coochbehar – Coochbehar Town; Alipurduar–Falakata;
South 24 Parganas – PatharpratimaAnandalalAdarshaVidyalaya, SundarbanAdarshaBidyamandir, Kakdwip, MathurapurAryaVidyapith, Kharapara High school ground, Krishnachandrapur High School, JaynagarRaktakhanpara Ground, Ghatiharaniya High School ground, Devipur H.M. Vidyapith ground, Rangabeliaghata High School, Baruipur, Diamond HarbourNungola Club ground, MukundapurBinapaniSangha ground, Madhabpur, DakshinBarasatAtheletics Club ground, MollakhaliChowrastha Bazar, Gosaba.

The two day National Conference on ‘Integrating Science with Society’ was held at Jadavpur University, Kolkata on the 15th and 16th of December, 2018. The conference had sessions on the Philosophy of Science, Cultivation of Scientific Temper, Ethical Practice in Science, Reforming Science Education and a Panel Discussion on“The role of scientists in society”. The conference concluded with an Open Session (for the public) addressed by the eminent astrophysiist Prof Jayant Narlikar.


August 9, 2019, in all major cities

Appeal by Scientists and concerned citizens

The mission statement of the March for Science voices the aspirations of lakhs of scientists, researchers, science communicators, students and public-at-large who have taken part in the two earlier Marches conducted across hundreds of cities and towns around the world and India. The statement champions robustly funded and publicly communicated science as a pillar of human freedom and prosperity.